In addition to preventing and treating dog illnesses that can cause debilitating symptoms, recognizing and treating common diseases in your dog is vital to its continued health and well-being. Below, we will discuss some common diseases in dogs that require an immediate visit to the veterinary hospital. In addition to the illnesses mentioned above, we will discuss Lyme disease, Wobbler disease, and Parvo. We will also discuss how to diagnose and treat each of these conditions.
Parvo is a highly contagious canine illness that can take up to seven days to show symptoms. This virus spreads through body fluids, such as poo and vomit. It remains viable for up to six months outside the dog’s body. It is easily contracted by a dog sniffing another dog’s poo or vomit. Consequently, it is common to pick up the disease from a neighboring dog while out for a walk.
Dogs become infected with leptospirosis through contact with animal fluids, infected soil, or contaminated water or food. It is also passed from mother to pup through contact with contaminated carcasses or tissues. Leptospirosis may also cause mild symptoms, such as fever and decreased appetite, or serious illness requiring immediate treatment. However, leptospirosis is often not fatal.
Lyme disease symptoms in dogs can vary, but the veterinarian can typically tell the difference by reviewing the history and physical examination. The vet may also draw fluid from the affected joints to confirm the diagnosis in some cases. If the dog is suffering from painful joints, he may also be given anti-inflammatory medication. Although antibiotics can resolve Lyme disease symptoms, some dogs may need a longer course of treatment if the infection persists. Additional therapies, such as x-rays may be necessary to confirm the diagnosis.
The most effective test to diagnose Wobbler Syndrome is magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which can evaluate changes in the spinal cord, internal bleeding, abscesses, and certain types of nervous system cancers. A veterinarian may also perform a CAT scan to determine whether the dog has spinal cord compression. A CAT scan has risks, including possible complications, but it is not the preferred test for Wobbler Syndrome.
There are many causes of diarrhea in dogs, including chronic illnesses and allergies. In addition to the common causes, your dog may also develop other symptoms, including hunched posture, loss of appetite, and vomiting. Diarrhea can also be a symptom of inflammatory bowel disease, disrupting the body’s normal bacterial and yeast balance.